Operating Permits are a type of air permit submitted and approved when new industries or businesses are operating in the city with regard to the facility’s air emissions. The type of operating permit differs based on the type of facility it is being submitted for and the amount of emissions the facility will create. For […]


This essay by was published on the University of Minnesota Press blog and was authored by Ali Kenner as a preview to her new book, Breathtaking: Asthma Care in a Time of Climate Change (2018). When Cheryl Lansing discovered her asthma care app had disappeared from her smartphone, she was unsettled to say the least. […]

Asthmatic Spaces

On May 15 2014 the EPA released a proposal that would significantly decrease the emissions released, in tons per year (TPY), by petroleum refineries. Their goals include lowering the total tons of toxic air pollutants (SOx, NOx, CO and other pollutants) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by 5,600 tpy and 52,000 tpy, respectively. These reductions […]